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International 2.4mR Class 2011 Newsletter

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WEBSITE: INTER24METRE.ORG 
WEBMASTER: ROGER CLEWORTH
CLASS PRESIDENT: PAUL KRAGSET

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World Champ Stellan Berlin
By Jonas Palm
(Sweden)

Stellan Berlin grew up in a Stockholm suburb. He received only limited support to intellectual studies. Roughly Stellan is a self-made man. Good grades at school developed into a Dr of Philosophy in Fluid Dynamics. He started to work as a computer consultant and made

some money, but money is not all. One must have fun as well. Thus, Stellan started to work as a sail maker at North. Besides the 2.4mr, Stellan also sails the 606 and the CB66. Stellan had some success in 606.
Stellan has also coached disabled sailors in both 2.4mr and the Sonar. Under several years he was the president of the Swedish 2.4mr Association. He has won numerous 2.4 World’s. After divorce Stellan raises two children mainly by himself, still managing to win new World’s. As a responsible parent Stellan now finds it relevant to stop to have fun sail making, with a limited salary. He leaves North and goes back to the computer-consultancy, but still manage to win the World’s in Norway 2011.
Stellan Key-words:
If you tack make sure there is wind in the place you are going to
The boat shall feel dead, but not completely dead, just dead enough. Sheet with cream, meaning just sheet enough to build up the power.
Always save one tack to the mark.
Never let anyone pass you on port, unless inside the 3 boat length radius.

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MARK BRYANT
EDITOR
Contact Mark

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2011 World Champion

Thoughts from Peter Norlin

Norwegian Championship

Canadian Class

Central European Countries

NACC Regatta

Sailing a 2.4 Metre

Traveling in Style

Stitch and Glue Project

Finland Update

Peter Norlin

2.4 Designer Sweden
THE WAY IT STARTED
By Peter Norlin / 2.4 Designer
Sweden


In August 1979, I was sitting on the deck. We were sailing Admirals cup in Cowes, when a very small boat came sailing around the moorings of the Cowes Week racing yachts. This was the first time anyone had seen such a little boat. The helmsman a young German guy, was sitting inside the boat, and only the head was seen in the cockpit. He was the founder of this type of boat.
The boat was narrow and looked like a scale down 12-meter yacht, both the sailplane and the shape of the hull. With the approximate dimensions. Loa 3.5 m and beam 0.8m
.
This boat got a lot of followers like Illusion, Shadow, Millimeter, and Defender etc. All of them went under the name “ Bath tub twelve’s”. They were good as long there was little wind and flat sea.
At the same time I was working in the towing tank with Am. Cup 12 meters. The trial horse, which is a boat that I designed as close in shape to the existing twelve’s as possible, to be compared with my experimental design. This experimental boat was a smaller lighter 12-meter to suite the light winds in Newport Rhode Island. The trial horse (scale 1:10) was built in series, to be sailed with a radio control. We were 5-10 sailors who had great fun sailing these boats in regattas. One of them was Odd Lindquist who sailed his own design. Odd got an inquiry, from one of the participants, to design a 1/5 scale of a 12-meter (or twice the size of the 1/10 scale radio control boat). Odd designed the “Odd 1/5 “ that sailed for the first time in 1982.
Very soon after that Jan Törnfeldt ( also participant in the group) asked me if he could build a 1/5 scale mini twelve of my design. While working with the tank testing and sailing with the radio-controlled model 12-meter, I became familiar of the scale effects. I decided to scale down a six-meter hull, which is proportionally heavier and bigger than a scale down 12 m, and use the scale down 12m rig and sails, which is a little lower than the scale down 6 m rig. I did choose the depth to be 1 meter, compared to a 1/5 scale down 12m that gives a depth of 56 cm and a scale down 6m that gives a depth of 66 cm.
All these choices were due to the scale effect from the wind, which is the square root of the inverted scale. This means that the same wind for a big boat is much stronger for a small (or model boat). The square root of 10/1 is 3.16, so wind strength of 3 m/s corresponds to 9.5 m/s for the model twelve compared to the full size twelve.
(The square root of 2.5/1 is 1.58. Thus the wind is 1.58 times stronger for a scale down six meter, and square root of 5/1 is 2.24 so the wind is 2.24 times stronger for a scale down 12 meter, compared to a mini 12. )
I designed the boat to float as deep in the water as a 6-meter in racing trim with all sails and crew onboard. To achieve this I had to take out approximately 35 kg from the ballast.
Jan Törnfeldt started to build the Norlin Mk I, he made an extraordinary work regarding the anatomy for the helmsman. With a lot of work and carefulness he had 2 boats ready for the spring 1983. This new “mini twelve“ proved to be a very good sailing boat that could coop with most conditions.
The first two boats had a fin keel with a bulb. The third and boats built after that had internal ballast of eight to nine retractable lead pieces. This made the boat easy to move, the hull upside down on the car roof and the lead in the rear. We sailed on different places around Stockholm and on the waters inside Stockholm. The fleets were situated in Saltsjöbaden and in Waxholm where Håkan Södergren built up a fleet. The boats participating were Odd 1/5,
Södergren Mark I and II and Norlin Mk I. The Södergren boats were “ scale down 6 meters”

After some time the class started to grow, and as the Norlin MkI was designed to the following thoughts and items, I proposed this MINI 12 RULE to the Swedish Sailing Association:
The rule is based on the existing International twelve-meter rule in scale 1/5 with the following changes. (See my handwritten suggestions.)
Displacement formula. (0.2xlwl + 0.06) squared (scale down from the 6-meter rule)
Freeboard, when calculating the rating max deduction F = 292 mm (from the 6-meter rule)
The boat shall float at her dwl with an extra ballast of 35kg.
Max depth 1m
Sailplane and sail measurements: (from the 12-meter rule)
Measurement deck 36mm above covering board
Mast height 5m above measurement deck
Fore triangle height 3.75m above measurement deck
Upper and lower battens 270mm
Intermediate battens 360mm
Top width main 72mm
¾ width main 41%
½ width main 68%
Scantling rule:
regarding material. Like the 12m rule
Sandwich material only in the deck
Deductible internal ballasts at least 8 parts.
Unsinkable
Min glass weight 900kg/m2. Kevlar and carbon fiber not allowed

The reason for the 35kg extra measurement ballast is as follows:
My wish was to have a boat floating at the same racing trim as a 6 meter.
As the crew weight + sails etc. of a 6m is app. 500 kg.
This weight scaled down 500/15.625 = 32kg
32kg + 35kg taken out from the ballast gives a crew weight of 67kg, and the boat will float when racing at about the same trim as a 6-meter.
This rule was the unofficial rule until 1986, when Odd Lindquist, Håkan Södergren the Swedish chef measurer Lennart Olsson and me, wrote (after a lot of meetings and work) the first official Swedish Mini 12 Rule that came in force 1988? in Scandinavian Sailing Association. Claes Hultling a strong character of the class brought the class to ISAF who accepted the rule 1993.
In 1986 Imma Björndahl started to build The Södergren Mk III, and the exchange sailing started between Sweden and Finland.
The Norlin Mk I was changed to Mk II in 1986, and the Norlin Mk III was designed 1987.
Before the unofficial World Championship in Helsinki 1988 the mini 12 sailed with an overlapping genua.
From a suggestion from Claes Hultling the jib was shortened to 100%. The reason was that it was very hard for all sailors including the disabled sailors to tack.
The foot of the jib was then changed to 110% after an investigation among the sailors.
The shorter jib is good because it opens the racecourse and may be more important, it avoids a lot of accidents due to bad sight behind the genua.
The fact that the boat is very insensible to weight of the crew is due to the longer waterline with a heavy crew, without increasing the wetted surface too much. Many times you can see very different persons on the podium after a long regatta.
This little racing boat is a thrill to sail. The sailing feeling is obvious and as the boat doesn’t lose much when tacking, your tactics and wind seeking becomes very important.
Stockholm May 2006
In 1984 Claes Hultling sailed the boat as the first disabled person. Claes found that the boat could be sailed on equal terms and introduced the class to the disabled sailors, since the beginning of world Championships there has been three disabled winners, this points out how wide the range of persons is, that has the chance to win any regatta.

The 2011 Norwegian Championship By Pal Kragset

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The Norwegian Championship took place at Royken Sailing Club in the Oslo fjord last weekend with 21 participants. For me it started with problems. I have 600 km to drive to the venu and arranged to buy a new car there and deliver my old one. I had invited my patient wife to join me on the nice trip, but having driven only 60 km I guess the car realized its destiny and broke down in protest - partly; the generator suddenly stopped mecanically. The mood in the car switched imediately from cheerful to moderate, but it is unbelievable what a mobile phone can accomplish. Some friends arranged to bring my wife´s tiny car to the breakdown place and tow my car back to Ålesund. Yes, we managed.

Sailing waters, crane, social events etc. were the best. The first day, Friday, the weather was sunny and wind very low; 2 regattas, the last one shortened. Next day 4 regattas in moderate winds and on Sunday 4 regattas in 6 - 7 m/s, two of the in torrential rain. Something was approaching and struck on monday; the rest of the hurricane Katja directly imported from the Carribean. Small world. But then the championship was finished, a very successful one, 10 regattas in all sorts of wind and the last four in big waves. Couldn´t be better. Alexander Wang-Hansen, former 2.4 and now Sonar sailer, was celebrated as 2011 Norwegian Champion. Bjørnar Erikstad was second and Harald Rolfsnes third. I finished 7th - very satisfied.
And then my wife and I drove 600 km with two cars back home on narrow Norwegian roads in one day. She arrived in good mood. Sporty young lady at my own age, 71.
Now some of our team in Ålesund plan for monthly training events during the winter. They want to invite sailors from eastern Norway and Sweden - in winter they struggle with this white stuff, ice and snow - to place their boats in Ålesund and get here by air to sail. We live at 62 deg. north but with no ice on the sea water due to the ocean current from the Mexican Gulf. But the air may be colder, so the project is perhaps dubious. Bjørnar don´t believe in it and argue strongly for Miami. Better by far, he says. But that tiny isn´t the globe, yet.

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The Canadian 2.4mR National Class Association
By Anne Sanderson

Our Canadian 2.4mR sailors reside coast to coast, making this truly a national fleet!
Boat Owners reside in British Columbia (4), Alberta (2), Saskatchewan (1), Manitoba (2), Ontario (12), Quebec (3), and Nova Scotia (2) – pretty good for a country known for it’s vast landmass, small population and in most parts of the country having sailable weather for only about 5 months of the year. And yes, they are a well traveled bunch, more than willing to explore other racing venues, which in 2011 included but were not limited to England, Norway, Florida, Noroton (CT), Chicago, and of course waters within their own borders.
The past 16 months have been ones of growth with new boats being added to the fleets in British Columbian, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Quebec and Ontario, a sign that the fleet is healthy and it looks forward to continued growth in the future. The 2.4mR fleet has been added to 2013 Canada Games, which, although a disabled event, will continue to encourage new sailors to join our active fleet.
We have a number of boat owners who not only compete on the 2.4mR circuit, but also compete on the Etchell racing circuit. Scheduling can and sometimes does become a complex exercise in attempting to find dates that do not conflict with each of these respective racing circuits and as well, do not conflict with the fleets along the Eastern United States, as both 2.4mR fleets regularly cross each other’s borders to race.
The 2011 National Championship Regatta was held in our nation’s Capital (Ottawa) at the Nepean Sailing Club. It was a wonderful, well run event with 13 boats competing from the United States and Canada. The 2011 winner was Alan Leibel of the National Yacht Club.
The 2011 North American Championships were held at Royal Hamilton Yacht Club at the end of the August. With 16 boats participating, the regatta offered 3 days of racing and Mother Nature provided a day of light shifty winds, and two days of perfect breezes. The event was well attended with competitors from the United States and the provinces of British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec. New racers to the fleet included Doris Peloquin (Manitoba), Cam Perry (Ontario), Catherine Belanger (Ontario) and Toby Bryant (Quebec). Alan Leibel was the Regatta Champion.
With both of these regattas, the fleet honored the winners with the awards presentation being held in front of the launch crane, rather in a board or conference room. This has developed into a tradition with fleet, one we look to continue in the future.
In hockey, there is something called a “hat trick” (3 goals in one game). Well in a sense, Alan Leibel completed a “hat trick” this season by winning two National Championships, (Canada and the United States) and as well, the 2.4mR North Americans.
Another member of note within the Fleet is Peter Wood. If you see Peter in the boat yard prior to going out on the water, he may seem much busier than some of the boat owners. There is good reason for this as not only does he have his own boat to ready, but he also supports a number of disabled sailors, getting them in and out of their boats and making sure they find their way to the race course. For Peter, it can be a hectic morning getting out to the race course on time! Peter sails out of Nepean Sailing Club and fellow racers, Aaron, Christine and Scott are some of the most well traveled racers in the fleet.
With any racing campaign there is the logistics of transporting one’s boat to the next regatta site. The fleet in Ontario is fortunate to have someone who is affectionately known as “The Hat”. If you are out on the water and see someone speeding towards you wearing a large, wide brim, straw hat, which may or may not have some duct tape on it to cover repairs, this is “The Hat”, otherwise known as Luc D’Aoust. Luc transports our fleet’s boats to the east Coast of the United States and as well, down to Florida for the winter racing circuit. He not only takes care of your transports needs but you will also see him out on the water helping race committee set marks and as a member of the safety crew or on-water support crew.
About 2 years ago, our gain of a 2.4mR sailor was Britain’s loss of a Skud 18 sailor. Jackie Gay married John McRoberts (Skud Sailor - 2008 Bronze Medal Winner), and relocated to British Columbia. She is enjoying the west coast life and we hope to see more of her in 2012.
The western Canada racers make use of the fact that Vancouver has open water 12 months of the year. They ship their boats to the west coast and when feasible have intense training clinics pending scheduling of coaches and instructors. This allows them the luxury of sailing during the winter months when the rest of the country’s waters are frozen.
In March 2011, we lost a valued member in the passing of Nigist Sewnnet. Not one to sit still, she is remembered for her energy, dedication to any issue she tackled and her beautiful, warm smile. She was a member and Past President of the Disabled Sailing Association of Ontario and was well known in the disabled sailing community.
As 2012 approaches we wish the best to everyone in the fleet. Paul Tingley will be traveling to England to compete in the Paralympic games, Bruce Millar will also be travelling to the Paralympic Games, but will be competing in a Sonar along with Scott Lutes and many of fleet will be leaving the cold in January and traveling to Florida to participate in the IFDS World Disabled Regatta being held in Port Charlotte and then on to Miami OCR being held in Coconut Grove.
Two upcoming dates to note in your calendar are the 2012 Canadian Championship Regatta – July 21-22nd, Toronto, Ontario, hosted by the National Yacht Club and the 2012 Ontario Championships – August 25-26th , Ottawa, Ontario, hosted by the Nepean Sailing Club.
If you have any questions regarding the fleet or would like additional information please contact Anne at  sma@sympatico.ca.

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Fair winds! Central European Countries
By Jorg Feder

It's the same guys at all regattas.
The good news is, that you know your approximate result, because you know who is typically in front of you and who is not. On the other hand you have no idea if you are really a good sailor. To judge yourself you need some comparison with others than your local sailors.
If a nation only has a small fleet, that also means, that you need comparison between sailors of other countries.
Daniel Biena, a Czech guy, suggested the idea of having a ranking list, comparing sailors from different countries. To keep it simple, preferably by using existing regattas and using an existing simple scoring system.
When presenting his idea Daniel got a lot of positive response and the representatives of DAN, NED, BEL, CZE and GER agreed to participate.
It has been agreed to appoint the national Championships of these countries plus 2 regattas in Essen and Berlin (GER) to be the basis of the ranking list.
The main benefit is that this automatically attracts sailors from other countries to the national championship races, which is in the interest of every nation.
The 2 German regattas have been appointed, because they have some tradition and Essen is close to BEL and NED and Berlin is not too far from DAN and CZE.
Additionally Essen is in the end of March, so it also is a start into the regatta season.
The regulations for the ranking are quite simple:
There are 7 regattas and you have to participate in at least 3 ones to enter the ranking.
One of your regattas has to be in a foreign country (only effects German sailors)
Your ranking points are taken from your best 3 results.
The winner gets 100 points, the last one 100/participants, those in between a multitude of 100/participants. (with 10 starters the 2. Gets 90 points. The 3. Gets 80....)
To encourage sailors to participate in more regattas there is also an activity bonus.
If you have the minimum of 3 regattas you have a personal multiplier of 1, if you sail in 4 regattas you have 1.05, with 5 regattas 1.1... and all 7 regattas bring a multiplier of 1.2.
This means your rank in the list is also depending on your international sailing activity.
This matches the purpose of the ranking list: international comparison.
As a result the winner for 2011 is Alexander Sadilek, CZE.
His sailing results brought him to the 3. place, but he has reached an activity multiplier of 1.1 because he sailed 5 regattas. If you race more frequent, it pais.
The results for 2011 can be seen here: http://www.2punkt4.de/CEC2011.html#RL

USA Disabled Sailing  by Dave Trude

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Information and comments from the builders of 2.4mR

Pure Sailing
New Zealand Builder
By: Pieter Jonkers
www.puresailing.nl  www.facebook.com/Puresailing24


The first Pure Sailing 2.4 ‘s are officially measured and certified by the KNWV (Dutch Sailing Federation) and hull number 7 came out of the mould.
Pure Sailing is producer of the Pure Sailing 2.4mR de fully Dutch built new International 2.4
In the design of the Pure Sailing 2.4 we made optimal use of the possibilities within the 2.4 metre Rule. As a result of the cooperation with a lot of 2.4mR sailors Pure Sailing was able to integrate a lot of smart solutions in the design.
The Pure Sailing 2.4 is a high tech 2.4mR yacht, completely built using the Vacuum Infusion Technique and differs from the existing design on many details.
To compete in all international regatta's and events, the Pure Sailing 2.4 complies with all the requirement of the International Class Organisation and the ISAF Rules and all buyers can get an original rating certificate from the National Sailing Association.

Builder / Designer Sweden
By Hasse Malmsten
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The International 2.4mR Class
The 2.4 mR is a development class organized by the International 2.4 mR Association.
The 2,4mRclass is an open design class in the same family as the classic metre yachts as the 12mR, 8mR and the 6mR.
This means that you constantly are trying to get more speed out of your old pram by progressing in attention to detail as well as rebuilding the hull shape or refining the keel configuration when you have an idea of how to get another 1/100 of a knot more speed out of your boat.
With good understanding of what produces speed for a sailing yacht and some work you may very well be competitive at top level in an older yacht.
Some may even be brave enough to build a new boat
in the garage during winter, or to collaborate with a designer/boat builder for a new bid.
This distinguishes it from most one designs, where every couple of years you have to get a new boat because the old one is clapped out and no longer fast enough.

"To those who say that one-designs provide fairer racing I would say that it is equally
valid to win races on the merit of the entire project as well as just sailing skill"

Why I Sail a 2.4
By Mark Bryant USA 29

The Challenge, Technical Aspect and the Wow Factor

A brief history of my sailing is needed. Started sailing at age 5, so nearly 50 years of the best sport I know... Boats that I've sailed are Lightning’s, Snipes, Albacores, Sharks, Lasers, Sailfish (that one dates me) J/24 and several large keelboats. Note that except Laser and Sailfish are all crewed or a teamed boat. I enjoyed each boat and all had their little tricks and good Sailors.
Now the 2.4,
The challenge to compete single handed is a special achievement. A look at my list of boats above indicates allot of crew / teamwork, The 2.4 can easily be trimmed and sailed much as a Snipe. Most controls are similar except the 2.4 is not a crewed boat. You sail this boat by yourself, no excuses and no one to blame for defeat and yes if successful, you did it by yourself. That's the Challenge.
Our 2.4 offer a good range of Technical sailing. The boat is busy during a race and especially rounding marks. All controls are accessible, and some sailors have many and others (keep it simple stupid) Kiss. With our Int. class efforts to keep the boats similar, there is always room for positive innovation, to include, rigs, sails, ballast and many running and standing hardware. A keen eye is needed to see what’s fast and ease of handling could be your key.
The WOW factor… I was coaching in Miami (maybe MOCR 2002) and after a long, hot and frustrating day, I asked my sailor if I could take a spin in his little boat. WOW was that fun; I felt the acceleration and said “WOW”. Gotta get one of these !
With a couple of personal disabling issue, the WOW little boat became a perfect fit to continue Sailing. Just love the 2.4. Good Sailing.


Metre rule explained

By Hasse Malmsten

Here’s an attempt to explain the meter rule for those who are not familiar with it.
The metre rule in its relative simplicity type forms the boats built to the rule into a certain design space by penalizing what it views as non acceptable excessive shapes and measures/control the speed enhancing
factors for a heavy displacement type of yacht.
For a displacement boat like the 2,4mR, maximum speed is mainly a function of waterline length.
Speed to Length Ratio = velocity in knots/Sq root of waterline length = v/sq root of lwl.
This is the speed that a pair of waves can move through the water. Above this speed the boats begins to try to climb its bow wave.
The maximum speed is ordinarily considered to be 1.34 times the square root of the LWL in feet (2,34x the sq root of LWL in metres).
The length measurement L in the rule measures the assumed length while under speed and the distribution of the volume of the under water body and thus measures maximum attainable speed.
For the 2,4mR class the L is the length measured 36mm above the waterline the boat floats at in measurement trim plus a measurement of the volume of the ends of the boat, the girth measurements.
The speed potential of the hull is then balanced against the size of the sails (power available).
The longer the boat (the higher the potential maximum speed) the less sails you can have.
The principal variations you can play with within the rule are the length that rules maximum attainable speed, the sail area that rules maximum accessible power together with the displacement.
This is the centrepiece of the metre rule.
Most of the other limitations are there to type form the boats into a specific design space.
The major limitations are the minimum allowed displacement that is related to the waterline in the flotation plane (LWL), the value given to the forward girth measurement and the aft girth measurement and the girth measurement amidships that puts a heavy penalty on boats with less depth of the canoe body
than 300mm.

Other type forming limitations are the value for the free-board allowed for in the formula (292mm),
the prohibition of concavities above the waterline and the maximum allowed upwards slope of the after
body of the boat.
The third major factor determining the speed upwind is the righting moment (RM).
The RM is controlled by the scantlings (the building specifications and the restrictions imposed on them).
The specified minimum weight for the hull and deck mouldings (3,6kg/sqm) and the minimum weight for
the mast and rig, determines how much of the boats weight can be lead ballast located in the keel.

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By Peter Wilson
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Situation: Yellow and blue are approaching a leeward mark to be left to port and are overlapped as yellow’s bow reaches the 3 boat length zone. At position 2 yellow is sailing a course ‘to the mark’ which will put her about a half boat length away from the mark as she arrives ‘at the mark’. Blue, not wanting to be forced outside starts to slow dramatically at positions 3 and 4 by pulling her main in, dropping her spinnaker, and turning away to separate from yellow so she can make a tactical rounding on yellow’s hip. At position 4 yellow bears away to take a more tactical rounding. Blue heads up and yellow immediately responds, and Blue hails ‘protest’. Yellow turns up hard keeping clear of blue and rounds the mark with blue astern.
What rule(s) did yello

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In the past year and a half, the website has undergone a few face lifts. Most recently, changes were made to accommodate the new 2.4 Norlin One Design Class. Information about this new class can be found here.Other changes have affected the categories in the forum. There is now an area where new ideas for one design classes can be explored. Older posts about the original class going “One Design” have been archived, but are still available to be read. As the webmaster, it is my hope that the website will grow in value to those who visit it. The value, however, can only increase by adding content that visitors are searching for. I can only imagine how great it would be for each of the 17 countries represented by our website, to post at least one article in the coming year. An even greater challenge for countries with large fleets of 2.4’s (Sweden, Finland, USA, Great Britain, Norway, etc.) would be to post 4 articles in the next 12 months. If visitors are coming to the website to see if the class appears active and strong, they will most likely look at the fresh content which has been posted. Please help to make this happen. Can you take on the challenge and help your country post an article?
One of the features most looked at on the site is the calendar. At this time, there are twelve people from various countries who are able to post events on the calendar. The events which are coming up soonest are posted on the front page of our site. If someone wants to see the boats in the water, I can only imagine that they will look at the calendar to see if there is an event going on nearby. Please post your events, often! See a list of Calendar editors here.
Finally, please take a moment to send Mark Bryant a personal thank you for the many hours he put in in gathering the information for this newsletter.
Thanks for your support.

Roger Cleworth
webmaster

Thursday Morning the 27th of July, I'm up at about 4am, take care of business, get dressed and eat something. Road Runner shuttle arrives around 5:15am and I'm off to LAX. With the last pickup in Santa Monica, I'm thinking "Alright, a nice drive down the coast. Usually it's down the 101." Somehow a conversation got started about BBQ and now the driver won't shut up about his cooking techniques. The pick up in Santa Monica is still asleep when we arrive and I'm looking at my watch. So I start giving the driver shuff for yapping too much and not calling his next pick up ahead of our arrival. Anyway, we get to LAX on time. But to my surprise, there is a new procedure for security since my last trip. In the past, they would take us wheelchair bound souls to the side and check us out. Now I am in a line with everyone else. Ever try to go through the switchbacks with a bag on your lap? When I get to the conveyor, I put my bag in a tray, get my backpack off the back of my wheelchair, get my laptop out get my cell out and put it in a tray. I think I had 4 trays in all. They then take me aside while I see my life sitting on a conveyor with people all around it and I cannot protect it.


About 4 hours of flight time and I grab my checked bag. One of these days I'll get a photo of me wheeling through the airport with my 36" rolling duffel in tow and my gear bag on my lap, I'm sure it is a sight. The Chicago School District donates bus transportation for the event, so we don't need rental cars. I'd hate to pay for parking in Chicago anyway. The bus ride to the Hyatt see me with a bunch of soon to be fellow Countrymen - after all, I'm now a Canadian. I've never met any of them before but have seen a few of the names. They are all racing 2.4mR too, and one of these is my roommate for the event’s duration. We get to the Hyatt to check our room, and there is only one king sized bed when I requested 2 queens. The room has an awesome view of the river, harbor and Navy Pier, and if my roomie was Brenda from Canada, I would have asked if she minded sharing a bed. Aaron was my roomie though, so we asked for another room. It had no view, and Aaron has Muscular Dystrophy so that meant two wheelchairs in the room.
Racing Saturday saw 4 races and as it has been 2 years since I had raced last, the first start was a colossal mess for me. When I finally cleared the line I was dead last. My worst fear – getting my butt kicked – was coming true right before my eyes. I dug in and worked for every inch, and making my way back up to second place felt a lot better, but it sure seemed like it was work to get the boat going. 2nd race, my start was almost as bad as the first. 4th place and I'm hating it. The 3rd race was a real tough one too, with light and chop and the damned Freedom 20 always where I wanted to go. On one of the downwind legs, Patrick, Aaron, and I were all pretty close with me having the weather gauge. We were rolling up on a Freedom 20, and I stayed below the Freedom with Patrick and Aaron until they were totally committed, and then let my pole forward and punched thru the lee of the Freedom leaving the others back behind his barn door. One more race and one more 2nd left me behind Jody Hill of Texas. Jody seemed to be the guy to beat so far. He had a good boat and his dad was there helping him at the dock. It is always comforting to have someone to help. I found out Jody is a licensed Captain and used to take care of boats in the Caribbean. The story of his near death injury was harder to hear than remembering mine. But here he is, right at it again, sailing.
Sunday saw no wind at all, all day. We sat around and chatted watched some video from the previous day; video that has now, somehow, been accidentally erased. It had some great shots that I would have loved to edit into a good NACC 2.4mR promo for the regatta. After lunch, I went down the docks and checked the boat out to make sure everything was OK. I'm looking at boats to make sure no one has anything weird and I noticed, because of the way they were tied up that my keel was brown. I'm thinking, no wonder the boat felt like it was stuck to the bottom. It turns out that the 4 boats supplied to some of us had been in the water for over a week. If I had known, I would have hauled on Friday and done a buff job. I asked the Regatta organizers about cleaning the bottom and they said if no one else could, then I couldn't. I'm thinking, why did I come here for? They relented and brushed all the supplied boats so we would be equal. The competitors who brought their own boats all had clean bottoms and Jody's finishes the first day reflected that.
Monday Racing saw 4 races and with a clean bottom the boat seemed to come alive. Puffs and Shifts from the north made for a right side day and who ever got the puff first was gone. But there were plenty of shifts to help equalize things. My finishes of 1,1,1,2 reflected the clean bottom and my keeping my head out of the boat looking for wind and shifts. 2 races Arron was beating me but opened the door with mistakes and let me slide to the top. I always tried to help him and let him know what he did wrong. I think he will be pretty darn good given more time. I can't help but think if I had more race time maybe I would actually be a threat to Johnny and Mark on the USDST.

One of the nights we went to the Purple Big (a pork filled menu) just down the street from the Hyatt and it was pretty darn good food. I'll go back next time I'm in Chicago.

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Have you ever sailed a 2.4 mR yacht?
By Bengt Jörnstedt


If you have not sailed a Two-point-four racing yacht you cannot imagine how much fun it is.
Many sailors from all sorts of classes look with contempt on this little yacht where only the head of the sailor can be seen.
Did you get it with your breakfast cornflakes? Did you get lost from Disneyland? Not uncommon remarks heard onshore. Oh Lord forgive them, they know not what they are thinking.
They don’t know what a fine little sailor she is. Alert and willing, easy to sail, points extremely well upwind and she is surprisingly fast.
Don’t get fooled by her small size. Her sleek lines and low centre of gravity gives you a sailing experience much greater than you’d ever expect.

The fact that many of the sailors in the class often have a respectable record from other classes indicates that she is both challenging and rewarding to sail.
These characters makes the race course her natural home, and it is hard to imagine any another class that comes so close to the feeling of playing chess on the water.
Two-point-four sailing is a minds game.
It does not take very long to get into the basics of sailing her. From then on it’s about tuning your instrument, your thinking and play.
In most other classes’ physics play a significant role.
In dinghies speed is depending very much on your physic abilities. Only when the sailor is enough competent physically there is surplus to think of strategies and tactics. In larger keelboats there is larger canvas to handle and you need to balance the boat with your body.
Imagine this; you sit like in a formula 1 race car with your head just above the cockpit coaming, you are as one with the hull and the sails. The warning signal has sounded, only minutes left. You are alone with your decisions. Puls is up, “horns starts to grow out of your fore-head”. Check the line once more, get into position. You are looking for that free spot on the line that allows you to execute your strategic plan.
30 seconds left; you are in position luffing your sails, slowly advancing towards the line. 15 seconds left; full speed ahead into the hole you have spotted a few boats down from the RC boat, across the line on time.
Good start, free wind, an inch more in on the main sheet to climb up and give the guy to windward bad air. Check the compass, here comes the lift, you are on top, an incredible feeling………

The Stitch & Glue Project  By Hasse Malmsten

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An easy to build low budget boat for the 2,4mR class but still meant to be competitive on the race course. The idea is to have the same measured length as the Norlin Mk III in order to be able to fit it out with used sails and spars.

Using 4mm cheap and light asian plywood like Lauan sheated with 160gr/m2 cloth and epoxy should make for a light, stiff and cheap hull/deck.
Temporary keel and rudder moulds can be made of hot wire cut foam. Another way to fix a keel would be to take moulds off of another 2,4.
On the first boat I will use the old keel-mould from the original Norlin Mk III.
My estimate is that you should be able to build a boat for about 1/4-1/3 of the cost for a new boat.
If you get together and build a couple of boats with your friend in your club it can be a very enjoyable and rewarding experience.
You can follow the project on www.24mr.se/projects.tmp/2,4%20ply.html

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Norwegians Saddle up for Italy
By Ola Herje NOR 115

The WC in Ålesund was an inspiration, not at least to us, the locals. Now some of us focus on 2012 WC in Italy. One evening in the think-tank over a glass of red wine the idea of the century struck our minds; We can put wheels under the container and drive there ourselves ! A bus must be the solution ! Some speedy investigations on the market for used busses and suddenly we owned one ! Expensive or cheap ? - well, which bus company buys used busses from the nineties ? Next to none. They are happy if they find customers to that type of vehicles.
The bus measures 12,1 * 2,4 meter, there are some 30 seats and the cargo box gives space for three boats on the floor and two, emptied for lead, under the ceiling. There is a lifting platform at the stern. If necessary a trailer will carry four more boats. Now we plan to remove a lot of seats, set up some walls and accommodate 6 people in the bus and 4 more in the box when the boats are on the water. The bus has toilet facilities.

First the bus will be used for our ordinary sailing trips to Sweden - approximately 1.000 km in each direction, and it will be made available for the dinghy sailing group in the club. Then we will head for Italy ! How far away is San Giorgio from Ålesund ? The distance is only to Sweden three times over, 2.972 km each direction. That is a piece of cake for true Vikings !

Rules Quiz Answer
Answer: Yellow does not break any rules. She is entitled to mark-room from blue, and as windward keep clear boat mark-room includes sailing a seamanlike course to the mark. So long as she sails this course directly to the mark, as she is doing in positions 2 and 3, she will be exonerated if she breaks rule 11 (windward/leeward) with respect to blue. When blue slows and separates from yellow between positions 3 and 4, yellow may widen her approach to the mark so long as she still keeps clear of blue, which she does at position 4 and then again at position 5 when blue heads up. If however she makes contact with blue or forces blue to avoid contact as she widens her approach, then she breaks rule 11 and does not receive any exoneration under rule 18.5a.

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Update from Finland
By: Pauli Immonen


Recards from Darkness. The beautiful Finnish Summer Season has for some time been quite dark because there is not snow yet. It tendsw to rain every second day like in UK.
The 2011 Season has almost past. One interesting regatta is still on Schedule. The Naantali on the Rocks race. It will be on the 10th of December. Last year we could not have it because of ice cover on the race area. This year looks promising. The weather seems warm enough in order to keep the ice away.
In Finland we had the National team Championships in mid May in Tampere. The Naantali Team Janne Laine and Pauli Immonen won the event after very tight racing.
The Finnish National Championships were held in Naantali. Rikard Bjurstöm won the Championships once again after relatively tight racing against Jan Forsblom. Over all we had 28 participants in the regatta.
The ranking series was altogether 6 races. and ten boats participated to all of them. After a very tight series Janne Laine won the series. Rikard was second and Per Strömman was third. Over all we had 32 participants in the series.
The worlds held in Ålesund were quite successful for Finnish sailors. As Marko Dahlberg won silver and Rikard Bjurström won Bronze the result is extremely good. Additionally there were 4 more sailors among the 20 best.
The 2012 Season will be interesting. When I write this the final program is still slightly open. However the main races have been decided and the calendar can be read from our home web pages: fin24metre.org
The interesting period will be the 10 days starting with:
· open Finnish Championships in Kokkola 27-29 of July.
· After the Championships Rikard has promised to arrange an intense training wee in Tampere 30th.7.-3rd.8.
· Continuing with Ranking regatta in lake Näsijärvi 4th-5th of August.
Our plan is to invite everybody to race and train in Finland before the Seasons top events The Olympics and the Worlds in Italy.
So everybody who read this you are welcome to Finland.

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Nigist Legesse Sewnnet was born in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. She was a happy and healthy little girl, until she was diagnosed with polio at age 4, which resulted in limited physical ability for the rest of her life. .
Nigist quickly understood her challenge and designed her own road map for life. With the help of loving and caring family, she set off on her vibrant life journey which would take her to Sienna, Italy to study Italian language and modern arts and then on to Rome to study computer programming.
She immigrated to Canada in 1992 and enrolled in Centennial College to further her computer programming skills. She was employed by Scotiabank and then Syncor, where she worked for the remainder of career.
Nigist had the opportunity to learn sailing through the Disabled Sailing Association of Ontario (DSAO) and began to participate in competitive

sailing. She became the first Ethiopian and the only female Canadian sailor who made an attempt to qualify for the 2.4mR class boats at the 2008 Paralympics.
Actively involved in DSAO, Nigist was a DSAO Past Commodore, board member, volunteer, ambassador, inspiration and friend to many. She was an active member of the Ontario Sailing Team and raced in 2.4mRs, Martin 16s, Hobbie 16s and any other boat, if given the chance.
When not sailing, Nigist persued a number of land-based hobbies including ceramics, stained glass work and music. She was also a remarkable swimmer and had learned to ski and glide.
She was known, cherished and respected by all and had friends throughout the world. Nigist was the centre of her family and played a vital role in pulling everyone together. She came to the end of her journey on March 1, 2011. She is survived by 2 brothers, many nephews and nieces and friends.