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December 2012 Newsletter

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International 2.4mR Class Association
December 2012 Newsletter

Editor: Mark Bryant

OD status after 2012 AGM

2012-worldsPal Kragset

AGM decided to propose a new ICA constitution to the ISAF, with a Norlin Mk3 Class also in the objective and regulations to handle contracts, building licenses etc. ISAF approval is expected.

Preliminary Norlin MK3 measurements are going on, approved by the EC, but I will now focus on the formalities when it comes to get the class up and go. The process cannot be created by the ICA and it cannot be rushed. It is necessary to walk the formal steps - sorry, but that is how it is. I call upon you to understand the steps and avoid misunderstandings.

Some people believe the next step must be to obtain ISAF´s approval of the class. That is wrong. Please read ISAF Regulation 10 on Internet: An application for approval cannot even be submitted before the required number of boats, certified by a proper Class Rule, are present worldwide. Until that happens, the new class must be managed on the 2.4mR ICA level of status, not on the ISAF level of status. It is important to understand the difference.

Then what may be accomplished on the class association level of status ? Quite a lot, actually.

The first step is to make the draft of a Norlin Mk3 Class Rule as good as possible. To proceed with a Class Rule that later on cannot be approved, would be very unwise. The TC and other skilled people now work on the rule.

The next step for the AGM is to create the Norlin Mk3 Class as a "Class" within the ICA and decide how it shall be linked to the organization. ISAF persons have mentioned that it cannot be linked as a "division" because that is "to divide" the classes, but as a "group" of boats which at the same time are 2.4mRs with normal 2.4mR certificates. The decision to create the class must then be linked to the decision that the Norlin Mk3 Class Rule and related documents shall be regarded as official 2.4mR ICA documents. Why ? Because to decide a name without giving it substance gives no meaning.

Many people think that such accurate formalities are nonsense. IFDS doesn´t. IFDS needs to apply a better fundament than Appendix K to regattas for disabled sailors. As soon as the Norlin Mk3 Class and the Norlin Mk3 Class Rule are decided to be official by an association under the ISAF umbrella, IFDS will consider to adopt the Class Rule for their purposes. How fast that will happen has something to do with certification capacity and is up to IFDS to decide. The special measurements and certification will also have a price.

The Norlin Mk3 Class established as an official ICA class with a proper Class Rule will provide a fundament for further development towards ISAF status. To evaluate when Regulation 10 obligations about boat numbers etc. are fulfilled and to decide to submit an application for ISAF approval belongs to a future AGM. An important issue for that AGM will be to evaluate advantages and disadvantages for 2.4 sailing as a whole.

Best regards

Paul Kragset


Stradivari Mk I

StradivariMkIFrom the designers perspective

Hasse Malstram

For the first time since the beginning of the nineties the 2,4mR WC was won by another design than the Norlin Mk III. This might be worth a comment also from the designer and builder of the boat. There might be some lessons to learn.

First of all one must congratulate Peter Andersson who sailed SWE 364, a Stradivari Mk I built in 1998, to victory in this year’s WC. The series he delivered is proof of a very competent sailor with great confidence in his equipment. To win a top level regatta without winning a single race mostly means that you have sailed conservatively, unwilling to take risks by seeking the corners of the play-field. This is possible only if you know your boat speed is second to none.

Scrutinizing the winning equipment of the 2012 2,4mR WC there are three major aspects to look into; the hull geometry, the structural integrity of the boat and the rig/sails, none of them less important than the other and all necessary to optimize if you are looking for the podium positions at any major regatta.

After having given birth to the Norlin Mk III and built and sailed a number of them in the first half of the nineties I felt it was time to try other designs but while building a couple of boats designed by other designers I felt compelled to give it a go all by myself.

In 1997 the prototype for the Stradivari was sailed for the first time and it proved right away to be competitive and by 1998 the first production boats started to pop out of the female moulds.

These boats all showed great potential but were also rightfully considered difficult to sail as they were fast when “in the groove” but punished the helm if not being sailed in the narrow groove of top performance. Always quick in flat water and stable conditions but difficult in gusty/choppy conditions.

It took us a couple of years to cure this and Peter Andersson was instrumental in this achievement. He bought his Stradivari used at a favourable price, as the first owners abandoned their boats due to the above mentioned and also out of fear that the boats would become obsolete due to the od threat so unluckily imposed on the class.

After the first season in the boat sailing in the prosperous fleet in Gothenburg/Sweden with more than 10 boats regularly participating in weekly evening races and 20 boats in the fleet,

he set about to do what he thought was necessary to bring the boat to its potential.

Being an engineer he applied his professional knowledge to the Stradivari and found that the extra weight invested in adding some well thought out structure to the boat would more than well compensate for the loss of RM through less lead in the keel. This said one should keep in mind that the production Stradivari was built very light in the mouldings.

After a winter in the “speed shop” where Peter had made some intelligent additions to the internal structure taking care of the loads from rig and keel he came out and gave some of us who had made it a habit to be well ahead of the newcomers in the fleet like Peter a lesson.

Now we had a hard time keeping his pace. Some of the other Stradivari boats soon had their structures improved.

Most of them also had the shape of their keels reworked. SWE364 and SWE366 has had their sectional shape fine tuned and SWE363 has got a slightly bigger keel with another wing profile. The original keel is 33Ltr and the bigger is 39Ltr. SWE362 has had its keel lengthened on the aft end by some 50mm.

SWE364 has also had some more volume added in the aft area of the underwater hull.

Comparing the different Stradivari Mk I boats we have here in the fleet one can draw the conclusion that the alternations in hull ex keel shape seems to have little significance.

The alternations that seems most worth the effort are the structural improvements and seemingly the bigger keel on SWE363 for more RM is a net gain.

As can be seen looking at and comparing competitive 2,4 designs we have seen through the years, they differ quite a lot in geometry but they are all within a certain spectrum as far as the relation between length/sail area/displacement is concerned.

The differences can clearly be seen in the pictures below. All these boats are potential winners and it would be very interesting to see all these designs well optimized,

participating in major regatta sailing under competent helm.

The experience here in our fleet where we have 7 designs racing leaves no doubt about the outcome.

The winner is always one who has got “the whole package” set up well. A good design, well optimized within the constraints of the class rule, new and well designed sails and a well seasoned helm.

The last 10 years the most important title of the year, the Fleet Champion has been alternating between Stradivari MkI, Norlin MkIII, Sodergren MkV and the late Carl Ossianssons one off design.

Why I ended up sailing a 2.4mR

Bjornar-2012Bjornar Erikstad

I was born in 81, with the disability TAR. In short term I was born with my fingers attached directly to my shoulders and legs that did not function as walking legs. My parents had to choose, shall Bjornar use his legs to walk or as arms? Their choice was that I would use my legs to walk with. 30 operations later, I could walk as best as they could make it.

I know that nobody who saw me for the first time said that he would be a perfect sailor. Look at the short arms they are perfect. But I learned from my parents that everything is possible if you really want it. And you can’t say this is not going to work before you have tried it. So I had to try sailing, as my siblings. Cos when you live on an island you have to be a sailor. I started in Optimist. It was not easy. But after a while and after some adaptations I was able to sail, and did it quite well. I sailed the Opti for one season cos I had to do surgery again. After recovery I started to sail bigger boats, Soling and X-99. And I loved it. It was easier to just be an observer after other boats and not doing all the hard work.

At age of 15 my dad said that he wanted me to try the 2.4mR. I had seen it, but never believed that I could sail it my self. My first trip was exciting; I didn’t know how to steer. But I figured it out quite fast. And I did not come back ashore. I sailed and sailed. I had found my owned boat. A boat I could compete on equal terms and the training will decide how good you going to get. The year after I bought my first 2.4, sailed my first national and international championship and trained as often as I could. I didn’t have any goals, other than to have fun. Sailing is all about having fun. After two, three years I discovered that I actually had a talent for sailing. More specific training started and in 2001 I won my first medal. Bronze in IFDS worlds in St.Pete, Florida. It was a wonderful moment. I had achieved more than I could ever hope for and decided to train even more for more success. I have had more success, but I strive for even more. I have a few more goals to tick of before I’m happy.

But the biggest goal have I reached years ago, and its not about winning or loosing. The main reason for sailing is the understanding of elements. Being able to understand why it ends up as it does. Sailing together with good friends, compete on different seas. And being able to tell good stories after races is done for the day. And for a guy who was born with short arms its wonderful to be able to go out sailing. To compete on equal terms and knowing that in a 2.4 everybody can succeed. And that’s why I love sailing, and always will be a sailor.

Beaten by a girl at the Games!!!! ByThierry Schmitter NED

OK, ok, I should be happy, I got a medal, but I always get the question:

How it is possible that a woman beats you? Are women not competing in a different category?

And before you are can explain the sports of Sailing in a 2.4mR, those guys already give an excuse:

It must have been very light weather, how heavy is she? Or you don’t dare to tack on her, etc… I’ve got all that sorts questions and comments from friends, colleagues and other sailors back home.

It is exactly for this reason that the 2.4mR is a unique sailing class. It doesn’t matter if you can walk or not, if you are man or woman, heavy or light, the history has shown that we all can win in the 2.4mR. So, many thanks to Helena to have demonstrate that again sailing, and in particular 2.4mR sailing, is the most inclusive sports in the Olympic or Paralympic spirit. Saying that, I think it’s also time in the Open Class 2.4mR to abolish the different categories we get at the Worlds (Men, Women, disabled, Master, etc. I don’t say we shouldn’t give prizes, but maybe not depending on those stereotype categories coming from our western sports history. Let’s be more creative 

What’s next for me after London 2012? I haven’t been in the boat since the Games, but I have been many times on the water, more in the water actually. I am learning a new sport (for me): kitesurfing, and I try to invent a way so that many of us (guys or girls that want do it seated) will be able to glide and surf waves in total autonomy. As I might file a patent for a few items, I keep it quiet for the moment, but next summer I should be able to share it with you on the Internet, and I hope also on the water.

British Gold by Helena Lucas GBR

Helena LucasIt’s been two crazy weeks since the end of the Paralympics and I have got a back bedroom full of kit bags that are still untouched and a massive stack of paper work and emails to wade through. My feet just haven’t touched the ground long enough to do anything yet!

I always knew a home Games was going to be special but I don’t think anyone had any idea just how special and overwhelming they would end up being and that is all down to the public. The way the whole country embraced the Olympics and how that passion and enthusiasm rolled onto the Paras was awe-inspiring. I’m just so proud to have been part of it all – I don’t want to take the tracksuit off!

I just know for British athletes no other Games will be quite like we had this year. Rio will undoubtedly be great but it doesn’t get any better than this. Everyone I have spoken to wants to make the absolute most of every last moment.

The moment it really hit home to me I was a gold medallist was when the sailing team went up to London a couple of days after the end of the sailing event in Weymouth and Portland.

There was no breeze on the last day of the regatta so we did a lot of sitting around, trying to stay relaxed but focussed in the event that we would get to go out sailing and race the final race.

Our team psychologist Ben had done such a good job on getting me thinking ‘It’s just another regatta, it’s just another regatta’ that when the flags went up in the middle of the afternoon to say that racing had been abandoned for the day, and the event was over, it was a bit like ‘Oh so that’s it?’ Everyone else around me, and all my friends and family, were so emotional but although I was ecstatic I initially felt a bit disappointed I hadn’t been able to get out racing on the last day and enjoy the moment of winning gold on the water.

The next 24 hours were a whirlwind of interviews and photoshoots in Weymouth plus we had to pack up the boat and move out of the team accommodation all on the back of about two hours’ sleep and a big party on the Thursday night!

Saturday morning the team caught the train from Weymouth to London to join the rest of the Paralympics GB athletes. That was when the scale of what we had done hit home.

We had been chatting to the guard on the platform and he had asked how the Games had gone, so we showed him our medals, when we got on the train there was an announcement over the tannoy that there were some Paralympic medallists on board and perhaps we would be happy to walk through the carriages and give people the chance to see our medals. Me and Niki Birrell, thought ‘Yep not a problem it will be 15 minutes just having a couple of photos and chatting to a few people.’

Two hours later and we were done!

It was incredible the reaction we got, absolutely overwhelming. Each carriage we walked into we were greeted with people clapping and everyone wanted to have their picture with us and touch the medals. To them it didn’t matter what sport we were from, we were just British Paralympic athletes, we were wearing the tracksuit and everyone just wanted to tell us how proud they were of the team and how inspired they had been. It was quite emotional.

The gold medallist photo at Team GB House was just surreal moment. I’m stood there amongst the superstars of the Paralympics, people like David Weir, Ellie Simmonds, Johnnie Peacock, and I’m thinking ‘What am I doing here??’ ‘Oh yeah it’s because I’ve got a gold medal! It was just another moment to savour. Everything happens so fast that you just want to bottle it all up so that you can open it up every now and then and re-live it all because you just get swept along at the time.

Team Volvo sailor Helena Lucas celebrates her success this summer!

Helena LucasFor the first four or five days after the Games I probably averaged three hours’ sleep a night and I was thinking ‘I’m not sure how long I can keep this up!’ By the time of the closing ceremony I was absolutely knackered and as we waited to walk into the stadium I thought I’m going to fall asleep in there. But then we walked andante the atmosphere was electrifying! The adrenaline took over again and I was dancing around in the stadium like I’d slept for 12 hours! Even things like being able to get into London’s top nightclubs in tracksuit and flip-flops was awesome!

I opted to have my gold post box in Portland. I was raised in Redhill, Surrey and have ties to Southampton. But me and my husband Steve have made Portland our home and I thought it would be really nice to say thank you to the people of Portland for their incredible patience and support for the British Sailing Team both in the build-up to and during the Olympics and Paralympics and to give them a reminder of what an incredible summer it was for the area.

I’ve bought a load of my gold medallist stamps and all my Christmas cards this year are going to have one of my stamps and be posted in my gold post box!

Life will start returning to some semblance of normality soon, as Steve keeps jokingly reminding me I may be a gold medallist but real life goes on. But there are still plenty of nice things still to come; awards dinners, going Extreme 40 racing in Nice, that sort of thing. I’m exhausted but a holiday can wait for now. I just want to keep enjoying the moment and the opportunities that this amazing summer has brought to British sport.

The UK 2013 Worlds - 7th to the 14th September - hosted by The Poole Yacht Club

The UK NCA and The Poole Yacht Club are pleased to invite all 2.4mR sailors to what we believe will be one of the most successful World Championships that have been held to date. After Italy we have a lot to try and surpass but we are well into the organisation and bringing together the most professional organisation that a country such as ours can bring to bear.

We have in hand a brilliant team on the measurement side and this will be headed by the Royal Yachting Association's chief technical officer who is also an international metre boat measurer. The team working with him come with a background of being the measurers at the recent Olympics and Paralympics.

Add to that a race officer of the highest standard who also officiated at the Games this year - you can't get much better than that.

All of this under the stewardship of The Poole Yacht Club who have a pedigree also of the highest standard in the organisation of major regattas.

The Poole Yacht Club is set in what is known as the 'Top Triangle' of the picturesque Poole Harbour in waters that are well known to 2.4mR sailing and which give a good and equal test of boatspeed and a helmsman's ability. Yes the waters are tidal but we are very pleased to report that the race times we have set are in the period when there is the least tidal range.

Off the water the clubhouse is modern and caters for every aspect of a sailors life on dryland and in particular there are very adequate disabled facilities. It is brilliant that unlike previous venues the infrastructure is there already - and tested!

Our aim is to give an experience to every entrant and their support crews, families included, which will be of the highest standard and give that even mixture of top level racing and onland enjoyment second to none.

There is a website in course of construction which will allow online entry. The NOR should be published well before the yearend and probably by the first week in December. Please make your entry early so that you guarantee a place. There may be a limit to the entry of 100 boats, not yet decided, but I do feel that there may be pressure from entries over that figure.

Sailors and their boats will be welcomed in the previous week and it is hoped that each day we will be holding impromtu racing for those who wish to acclimatise to the conditions.

You will receive a very warm welcome when you arrive and our website will be featuring all of the accomodation available in the area which is a recognised holiday destination for many.

best wishes

The Poole Yacht Club and the UK NCA

Coach tells it like it is. Interview with Canadian Coach Craig Guthrie..

Craig and PaulMark Bryant

Tell me how you got into coaching and what sport

Craig Guthrie

I started coaching sailing after spending many years in dinghies and skiffs ranging from Laser 2's, Fireballs, 505s, International 14s and then four years in the 49er when the Seattle fleet was started

While travelling to do all of the above I worked as a boat builder and sailmaker

Mark Bryant

what do you bring to the race that may be different

Craig Guthrie

preparation and perspective. a fascination for details and doing whatever it takes (within my control) to make a sailor perform to their goals

Mark Bryant

What does your preparation include, race day.

Craig Guthrie

nutrition/hydration for the day, cameras charged, foulies and then a chat about the sail and tuning selection for the day

I like to do the tuning aspect after agreeing with the sailor or team. I also like to be on the beach or dock for final rigging and launch.

hopefully this all involves the goal of being the first team on the water, coach and sailor(s)

Mark Bryant

Very busy, be specific about prerace communication with competitor

Craig Guthrie

in the water we separate after looking at the sail and tuning set up. I will separate the race course into quadrants and then head off to take wind direction and current readings... the whole time trying to see if there are other teams doing split tacks to see how that it all correlates

Craig Guthrie

at ten minutes to the signal I spend time doing start line geometry overlaid on wind vectors

at this point, I will be near the team and relay specific info but not too much... do not want to confuse the sailors or conflict with their information unless they ask

Mark Bryant

With info you've gathered, how forceful can you be if sailor has a different idea

Craig Guthrie

not too forceful at all to be honest... depends on how they came to their conclusions... sometimes I am wrong... always have to remember that at the end of the day... these are not my results or championships or medals

Mark Bryant

Thank you. Wasn't sure how to ask who's results they were.

During 5 min. to start what are you doing and why

Craig Guthrie

this is a tough time to be sure... do I take video, where do I do it from? Pin or RC? Do I take still pictures instead? Where did I put my frickin wetnotes? did I just do a sail change and need to get the boat cleaned up...

Not a good answer...

Time to take a deep breath, watch the team and see if the time and distance is accurate... what are they doing with their time... Working with high level sailors and working with youth who are learning more than executing means a lot of trial and error at one minute I am in place and ready to follow... usually taking more notes than anything else

Mark Bryant

I understand. Once you find the wetnotes, what are specific areas of the first weather leg you write about.

Craig Guthrie

this is time to think about who went where and to pay attention to the first crosses after the boats consolidate. If FRA went left and CAN went right, for how long and what is the mannerism or body language of the defence? Is my sailor joining in the mix or tacking away? Is the team sticking to a game plan or abandoning after a bad start? Reactive sailing vs trying to re-implement strategy finally, layline... how long is it and has the fleet over stood as the parade gets longer

Mark Bryant

Cool. Please explain for our readers body language and sticking to or leaving a game plan

Craig Guthrie

sure... tacking, is the turn immediate and in waves after a loose leebow - this would appear to be a reactive move - are tacks put together in quick succession? This would appear to be reactive as well - to me that would say the

sailor is not thinking about leverage as much as feel the need to make a decision for the sake of trying to be smart... losing patience leaving a game plan is usually obvious... the tack out is late after losing all speed

Mark Bryant

Be analytical not emotional... How do you approach a sailor after a poor race? Especially if they sailed emotionally

Craig Guthrie

good question... is this the first bad race? If so, there is a good chance the mistake was obvious and usually it is only one mistake. Is it a tuning error? Was it the start? If it was and the sailor continued to go the wrong way(s), then there is not much to say, I certainly do not want to beat a dead horse or make them feel worse. I like to get over it quickly and focus on fixing the issue... moving forward... I make sure the sailor is well fed and hydrated at this point which will help to lift spirits and refocus

Mark Bryant

Let's go some years and chat about how you became involved CAN 99

Craig Guthrie

I was introduced to Paul in the Fall of 2007. He had just finished IFDS Worlds in Rochester

That fall we spent a lot of time on the water, fairing his boat and beating the crap out of the B boat... literally throwing pieces out of the boat on that last day of training. We completely re-rigged the boat, changed rudders and the first regatta was at St.Pete - the first of two regattas for the trials

At the time I was also coaching with Skud Team UCAN2 in Victoria, so very busy and learning a lot

Mark Bryant

Obviously Can 99 won those trials, how did you coach and manage up to the game 2008. Anything worries your approach

Craig Guthrie

not much I would change about that at all to be honest. Qingdao was pretty ideal in a lot of ways I was able to really focus on my job. Paul was in a good place and we have a lot of respect for each other which has always been a strength in the relationship

Mark Bryant

Paul wins the Gold. If you can explain the personal satisfaction

Craig Guthrie

good question...

we did a lot and made some good decisions in the heat of a few moments that were key to the win - I like to reflect often on the concept of Coach as Performer and so when i can I look at the Gold Medal and think of it as a place in time ... one high point... more to come in many ways, personally satisfied? at the time, yes

Mark Bryant

Repeating any championship is difficult no less attempting 4 yrs later, what happened to the effort. I can go a different direction if you prefer

Craig Guthrie

your call, I am open

Mark Bryant

Go ahead and answer, no harm no foul. I hate that phrase

Craig Guthrie

after China, my wife and I decided to grow the family with another baby. Travelling so much was not as attractive and I was fortunate enough to have a good business in personal training as well as a coaching position I have wanted for a long time

There are things I would have agreed to and other I would not but that is not for me to say now... only move ahead with it for another time and team

I look forward to working in the 2.4mR again and hopefully with one sailor or a team of sailors... but it should be stated that the Games has never been my focus, I would also like to work and sail in other classes too

Mark Bryant

Classy answer. What's on the horizon for coach Craig and family.

Craig Guthrie

Thanks Mark. I have been sailing F18 Catamarans this year and had a good event at the Worlds so I hope to do more of that. My wife can sail with me there which is also a draw. For the kids, have a Mirror Dinghy and we do some cruising on my Dad's Nonsuch 26. No Optimists if I can help it.

I certainly hope to see many of the friends I have made in the IFDS Classes here in Halifax in 2014. Best group of people I have ever known!


2.4mR Open Worlds Porto San Giorgio

2012 2.4mR Worlds Banquet

It is amazing to see how different countries approach hosting a World Championships. This year the World whether by car and trailer or lorry ended up in the seaside town of Porto San Giorgio. Liberi nel Vento were the driving forces behind the event with some great backup from the Italian government. This pop up village appeared at the end of the marina with everything from a Helly Hansen store to wine tasting bar. Which was very popular. It was nice to have so many nations participating including the “extra Europeans” in the form of the Canadians (some of the translations were interesting) especially as the Paralympics had just finished. The racing was packed into four days and with the forecast many were sceptical that the full 10 races would happen and after a drift off for the practice race. 3 races on the first day saw the Fins taking it to the world with Jan Forsbom winning the day with a 1,2. In the first two races. Light winds, a strange current and even stranger shifts seemed to be the way the week was heading. Day 2 saw a delayed start with big waves crashing into the entrance of the marina but after Bo from Sweden showed that we wouldn’t sink the fleet left the harbour. The big waves, strong current, lack of wind and 30 degree shifts really mixed the fleet up. 2 Swedish National Champions Janne Nilsson and Stellan Berlin took the race wins but it was Rikard Bjurstrom showing his pace from last year with a 2,5. Day 3 was the change day with 3 races it was a day of ups and downs. All races had either black flag or OCS disqualifications in them which mixed the standings up. Stellan and Jan both had a race win as did I. It was all about staying consistent in the tricky conditions and after the first discard had come in it was starting the winners were starting to show. Peter Andersson took the overnight lead with only 2 results outside the top 10. Stellan took the final 2 races of the regatta but Peter was never too far behind to take the World title. Peter never won a race but was always around the top boats and deserved to win the title. It was amazing to look at the top 10 as it showed the variety in the 2.4 with birth dates from 1991 to 1942. The weather was warm and the welcome was even warmer and it was an amazing job done by the organisers. Tutti to everyone! View Video

Final Results

Antwerp City Cup

antwerp city cupOn the last full week of October 5 countries descended on the city of Antwerp, Belgium. The event in its second year was created by Fred Imhoff after he saw the event at Essen and decided to do something similar. I love the event because you rarely get to sail in view of such an historic city. The welcome is warm with everything from breakfast to evening meals provided in the entry. David and his team do a great job at organising the race courses on a very small piece of water which is very shifty. But it is flat water so you don’t get wet which is very good in Northern Europe in the winter. The most wonderful guy is Eric who cooks for the fleet. With Fred being such a fan of Bitterballen after racing is amazing, the Bitterballen keep coming and there is always another slab of beer. It really is a community feel to the event with everyone sailing and eating together. 2012 was colder than 2011 but there was more wind this year so the racing was a bit easier. 13 races kept everyone busy with everyone getting into the top of the fleet at different points in the races. Somehow I had the luck in many of the races to end up at the front of the fleet. Richard Van Rij and Fred have shown that they can come from Dragons and show the 2.4 fleet how to sail. They started the strongest of the fleet. I always felt that I was in a Belgium sandwich. Stephan Giesen from Germany after a slow start to the week showed why he can sail at Essen putting in a few race wins and was becoming a strong contender for a top 3 finish. The week started off quite warm but as the weekend went on the patio heaters became the focal point for the beer drinking. The great thing about this event is that you only do two races and then it is lunch time so there is no time to get cold. The rainstorm in the 11th race was slightly interesting though. The racing finished on Sunday with a fight for places 2,3,4. All the top 5 boats were in the top 5 in race 12 with Richard getting closer to Stephan making the 13 race more interesting. Race 13 was more spread out with Fred getting his race win. Somehow Richard made it back to 3rd but it wasn’t enough to get Stephan who managed to hold onto 6th. It was an amazing end to the European season and I would argue one of the best events for socialising in the calendar. It is an amazing city with great people. Defiantly one for the diaries next year.

New Zealand

new-zealand-paralympicsBy Kristine Lederis

The New Zealand 2.4mR fleet has been relatively quiet over the Kiwi winter months, that is for everybody except London 2012 Paralympian Paul Francis and his training partners. Paul was the first 2.4mR sailor to represent NZ at the Paralympics in twelve years, and as such has become a trail blazer, opening doors and the pathway for new sailors in the class to set their sights high. The NZ 2.4mR fleet boasts two world class sailors, with Christchurch based Brett Willcock continuing to give Paul a close run for his money.

The sailing season has now begun in NZ, with the first of the Yachting New Zealand run Paralympic Class Development clinics taking place from November 23-25. The training weekend at Lake Wanaka (in the South Island region of Otago) is aimed to help sailors take their sailing level up a notch toward international competition. Open to the 2.4mR, SKUD 18 and Etchells (because there aren’t any sonars in NZ yet), there are approximately four of these clinics annually and they are open to international registrations too – more information available online the YNZ website here: http://www.yachtingnz.org.nz/racing/paralympic-sailing/development-programme

In January/February 2013, there is plenty of 2.4mR action planned for Auckland’s Waitemata Harbour, with the two biggest NZ Paralympic class regattas being run back to back. The Kiwi Cup will be run from 24-27 January, where not only is each division’s winner recognized, the disabled sailor with the lowest total score across all classes (counting the discard) is awarded the Kiwi Cup. Sail Auckland, NZ’s only ISAF Grade one Olympic and Paralympic Classes regatta runs over the weekend following, with both events being based from the Royal Akarana Yacht Club.

And finally, Sailability Auckland, the longest established Disabled Sailing Organization in New Zealand will celebrate their 20th anniversary in early 2013. The 2.4mR has been a big part of the development of disabled sailing in NZ, for many years after the Mini 12’s were used, the 2.4mR was the only racing option for disabled sailors. A celebration dinner is planned for Sunday 27th January 2013.

Antwerp 2012, October 25 till 28

Megan PascoeBefore the regattas on thursday: Eric (head of the kitchen) was early this morning to make the soup and at 12:00 there was already a full lunch for everyone ready. At 13.00 hours the first run of three games. The racingcommitte had some more effort to get going.

Thursday, October 25, 3 matches, 16 participants:

The first three races this day:Result: Megan Pascoe 1-1–2; Richard van Rij 2-3-5; Ian Stowe 5-5-3.

Varying wind from the north-east, north later. Wind force between 2 and 2 + and variable. If you were lucky you were on the right place or bad luck if not! Down wind much jibe to catch the right wind.

Friday, October 26, 2 matches in the morning, 16 participants: Today beer and “bitterballs”.

Evening stew with fries and coleslaw. Socialize, discussing the races and a bit reliving where needed. Doubts about sleepingplaces, because the results were here and there somewhat surprising.

Friday, October 26, 2 matches in the afternoon, 16 participants: The first three sailors after the 7 matches: Megan Pascoe 1-5-1-1; Stephan Giessen 4-1-2-2; Richard van Rij 3-2-5-5. For lunch Eric had made tomato-sandwiches - after the matches, Beer and croquettes.

Fair winds from the north east. Beautiful long legs! A few rain showers after some good weather with 3 bft wind. The Racingcommitte did their best to make the legs as good as possible. The first group of sailors and the last group of sailors was pretty solid. The middle group changed positions very often. Megan the best again. Some protests during the afternoon races.

Discussions during the drinks with croquettes and while eating the spaghetti were we all ready for the regattas on Saturday.

Saturday, October 27, 2 matches in the morning and 2 matches in the afternoon, 16 participants: Wind - north, very unpredictable. Every time difficult to sail to the mark. Much grumbling, port - starboard – 360 turns.

Dark clouds in fourth game, wind and rain, but for the rest of the day, lots of sun. On the shore the wind very cold, but in 2.4 mR on the water it was less cold. Only your head captures the wind and water on the Galgenmeer in Antwerp. Megan on the lead in the ranking.. For the second starts the wind shift of 50%, actually only about starboard starting. On shore between race 2 and 3 delicious soup and hot dogs.

After the matches beer and croquettes. Eric gives the ladies some wine.

Fred bad luck with his mainsail. Early exit.

Sunday, October 28, the last 2 races.

The wind had made a 180 degree turn, but was not very strong. Doubts if there would be a start.

Finally 2 races with all compatitors. The first 3 in the ranking were the same as the day before: Megan, Stephan and Richard.

During the prize giving made clear what we knew already after day one: Megan is too strong for us and so she was for the second time the winner of the miniature 2.4mR, made bij Fred Imhoff.

Rafa Andarias Buigues


II-Trofeo-Internacional-IberdrolaValencia, October 27, 2012. - II Trofeo Internacinal Iberdrola, which has gathered in Valencia from Wednesday to about thirty five Paralympians countries and begin to prepare for the Rio 2016 Games.

West winds means, with eight to ten knots, which have now blown the city of Valencia has allowed two competitions, in which the leader of yesterday, the Finn Niko Salomaa, has not been successful, which tension remained until the end of this second edition of the II Trofeo Internacinal Iberdrola.

Salomaa quiet facing the final day with a comfortable lead over the rest of the fleet, but a fault in the first assault has complicated matters. "In the first race I had to fix the break during the race, so I was relegated to seventh place, and then in the second Test, which finished inside the harbor basin, I have not sailed well and I scored sixth, "said the young athlete Nordic.

With the addition of these partial, the Finn has the win but with a single end-point lead over second place, which has been the Czech Daniel Bina. The representative was very regular Central today it has signed a second and a third. "In the outputs have not been very fine, but then I've been recovering," said Bina, who stressed that the classification has been so adjusted.

On the third step of the podium Paco gained Llobet, Spanish Paralympic team component Iberdrola and representative in the 2012 London Olympics after signing today fourth and seventh and disqualification have been ruled yesterday.

"I am very happy for this podium has said the Catalan Paralympic sailor, wind conditions have been wonderful and the Base Iberdrola Team have been very good, as always. It is satisfying to see how the level of the Spanish Paralympic sailing is rising every day, and I think we can get to Rio 2016, which is the dream of all of us, with aspirations to get diploma in all classes, but, because we four years ahead with the invaluable support of Iberdrola can give a lot. "

Today the best day in the II International Trophy Iberdrola was the Italian Antonio Squizzato, which scored a third and a first to the finish line sleeve inside the harbor basin which hosted the America's Cup Alpine thus able to move up one place in the table to qualify in fourth place, just a point of bronze.

In a creditable fifth place, just ahead of the London 2012 gold Mischa Rossen, has ended Rafa Andarias (CN Javea), after adding a sixth and fourth in the sleeves today.

The Spanish third and seventh in the standings was the Andalusian Javier Contreras, the Real Club Mediterráneo, while the Spaniard Emilio Fernández (RCM Santander) finished eighth, after clicking in both races today.

The distribution of trophies has thrown the curtain on the second edition of the II Trofeo Internacinal Iberdrola, a ceremony presided Managing Director Spanish Paralympic Committee, Alberto Jofre, the president of the Royal Spanish Sailing Federation, Gerardo Pombo, Chairman of the Royal Club Nautico de Valencia, Manuel Pons, and the CEO of Consorcio Valencia 2007, Paul Landecho, plus Alfonso Menoyo, Julian and Elena Otaola Bolinches representing Iberdrola.

During the awards ceremony organizers have seized Iberdrola International Trophy to honor Carolina Lopez and Fernando Alvarez, Skud 18 crew worker in London 2012 the first diploma Spanish Paralympic sailing.

2012 December International 2.4 Metre Newsletter


All information of the class in our country can be followed through in www.asociacion24mrespana.es page that have stood the fleets, with their respective news media and classifications

Valencia, November 2, 2012

The Spanish Association 2.4mR continues steadily in order to be recognized, not only nationally but also internationally. Back a long way and with many individuals and public and private entities that have made it possible for one of the class of sailing in our country have adapted name. The Alicante Joaquin Quero "Quinito" as well as the Madrid Teresa Silva were two of the main drivers of the class. But do not forget to private companies, and especially to Iberdrola, whose contribution to the Spanish Paralympic Sailing project has enabled the 2.4mR in Spain to take a major leap and create and launch one of the international trophies in less than two years and has been ranked one of the most prominent: Iberdrola International Trophy.

The new website is merely endorse the work of so many people who have worked selflessly and so this project is not a dream, but a reality. The website aims www.asociacion24mrespana.es be more than just a website, aims to be a tool for the media, and help support the federations and clubs, a basic and fundamental tool for shipowners and class for sailors, but also as a meeting point for all those who are part, or want to be part of the family 2.4mR.

On the web you wanted to highlight the respective nine fleets: Andalucía, Baleares, Catalunya, Cantabria, Canarias, Comunitat Valencia, Galicia, Madrid and the País Vasco. In each may view the latest images, news and test classifications that are disputed in their respective clubs. In 'Events' will be displayed and follow the movements of the fleet, the schedule they have. In the link of 'Association' is all 2.4mR class documentation. On the cover we see the last 'Gallery', with direct link to 'Multimedia' and the last video.

Rules Corner by Peter Wilson USA

slam-dunk-rulesSLAM DUNK IN THE ZONE

Yellow attempts to slam dunk blue inside the zone to the finish pin. Blue ducks and luffs once at position 3 then bears away slightly at position 4.

Questions: What are the rights and obligations of both boats? If there is contact at position 4 or 5, which boat(s) break which rules?

Answer at end of Newsletter

Home Built by Stuart Donald GBR114

The build started after seeing a strip planked National 12 at Bassenthwaite sailing regatta last year. I thought I really would like to build a boat using that method. Throughout the winter I periodically looked out for strip planked boats and some how ended up on a 2.4mr web page. I thought that they looked like a really nice boat.

The next web page I looked at was Nick Cook's build of GBR99 and that was it, I was sold on the idea. His page clearly shows his approach to the build tricky parts of the build are carefully photographed. I then became convinced I could and should build one. I downloaded Delft Ship and considered designing one. I quickly ruled out that as I do not have the experience of the design rules and want the boat to be competitive. Whilst looking for plans online I happened on Hasse Malmsten's web page and some plans for sale, these were acquired and printed out. Hasse has been an enormous help as has Nick Cook indeed Nick's other boats he had built did show me how Nicks approach to parts of the build were refined in later builds.

The whole build has to be done on a budget, I am already running 5 other boats for the family!!! And my wife thought this build was a bit frivolous, she has since changed her mind. The tight budget, however, still exists.

A good friend of mine had just completed building a Western red Cedar clad extension to his house and had some planking left over. I acquired the timber at no cost and then spent about a month slicing the planks, feeding them through my thicknesser and then routing a bead and flute on each until I had enough for the job. Expenditure so far £0.00 I am lucky I already had quite a high end band saw and thicknesser I doubt I could have done the job without them as they allowed great accuracy with the cuts and there were fewer breakages in the strips.

I then acquired the MDF for the strongback and the formers. I ordered 22mm MDF cost £100.00 and realised that I would have to rout the edges, or the formers would distort the intended lines. I then set to cutting the formers and routing the edges.

Then the fun began and I started planking the hull, also I had to buy glue, epoxy, glass weave for the hull and the keel cost £189.

Throughout this time I have been prudently buying lead and where there were other bargains to be had other equipment to aid the build. Steve Bullmore sold me some great sails and spars at a very good price indeed. Thanks to his generosity getting the boat on the water this year was a real possibility though other issues have made this nearly impossible.

I have recently completed the planking of the deck, for this I used contrasting timbers American white oak and Sepele. creating a nice striped look to the deck. The deck was installed and glued with Epoxy at the end of September, after all the aft buoyancy was installed and the control line conduits installed.

The next step of the build is to install the reinforcing for the rig tensioning system but I have not quite decided on the method of adjusting the shrouds. At the moment it is a shortlist of two levers v cascade.

I hope this text and the photos help with the article, feel free to edit as necessary.


036  041  042

Japan. Great facility need sailors, boats and MORE money (DON’T WE ALL) !

Sailinmg 2.4's In JapanHello, My 2.4 sailor friends! I am Masakazu SUTO and greetings from Japan.

I would like to tell you the condition around the sport of Sailing in Japan.

The Japanese population in 2010 is 128,000,000 according to national population census. The numbers of yacht are about 12,000 in 2009. I cannot judge if this numbers are large or small but it is for sure not too many.

There are five 2.4mR class yachts in Japan. Three yachts (made in 1995) out of those five are mine and other two yachts (made in 2007) belong to Japan Association of Sailing for the Disabled. Thus there are only three yachts can be used whenever we wish to ride.

I live in Beppu City, Oita, Japan. There is a Kitahama Yacht Habor in 1km distance from my house.

The “Yacht Aid Kyushu” a sailing club that I serve as a representative set the base here. The harbor renewed in 2010 and it is the best accessible harbor in Japan.

There are three multipurpose use toilets in the venue and it is the reason to be called the best harbor in Japan. One of the toilets also has the latest shower facility with the toilet. There are also a crane that we can use whenever we want and accessible pier with gentle slope.

I haven’t participated any race that held in overseas since 2007 in Rochester, because the cost is too expensive to pay by myself. It is very difficult to find the staff such as coaches or mechanic who can support whole competition period. Also I cannot afford the cost for shipping all the needed stuff for the race in the container that carries my yacht, coaching boat and equipment.

There seems no remediation for the situation now so that I only sailing in Beppu Bay near my hometown.

I believe that making stronger team required many sailors in our sailing sport so that I recruit sailors for active sport environment. I teach sailing to the people both disabled and abled people if they wish to ride a yacht.

I really miss you all due to the absence of the races overseas and hope you enjoyed my report from Japan.


The sunny and warm days of summer are now a thought of the past and with the exception of a few, most of the fleet have finished sailing on their local waters for the 2012 sailing season. Below is a brief summary of the season, offseason plans and most important some news about four key events that will be happening within our community during the next two years. So… find yourself a comfortable chair, pour a beverage of your choice and make yourself comfortable before undertaking a read of your bi-annual update from the Canadian 2.4mR Class Association.

Fleet News:

First and foremost - Congratulations to 2.4mR Sailors Paul Tingley, Bruce Millar and Scott Lutes on their respective Olympic campaigns!! We are proud of your accomplishments and look forward to you joining us back on the regular racing circuit.

The winter of 2012 was a dry one as was both the spring and summer of 2012. The lack of snow melt- runoff and rain presented some challenges with water depths and dock heights by mid summer. Our boat owners are luckier than most keelboats owners in that in most cases they were still able to launch their boats. The drop down from the dock to the water surface was a bit deeper than normal, but most were will able to get out of their respective harbours. Those who sail on inland lakes (the fleets in Alberta and Saskatchewan), were particularly affected by the lack of water, which greatly reduced their sailing time. Hopefully the snow melt next spring will raise the water back to its normal level.

From west to east, quality sailing occurred. A number of clinics were held at Royal Victoria Yacht Club. Boats from Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia participated in these clinics. Not only did the clinics provide an excellent opportunity to train with other sailors, but last month Megan Pascoe, an accomplished British 2.4mR sailor arrived via multiple flights and considerable air time to offer her expertise and share her experiences with this group. Thank you Megan! Thank you as well to Peter MacDougall for assisting with the co-ordination of the clinics. It should also be noted that Jackie McRoberts, a member of our West Coast fleet, travelled east this summer to train for 3 weeks with the Toronto fleet, before travelling back home to England, to support her husband John who was representing Canada at the 2012 Summer Olympics, racing a Skud 18.

The Canadian Championships were held at Nepean Sailing Club during the weekend of August 25-26. Saturday presented very challenging conditions for the Race Committee with extremely shifty and light winds. Sunday provided more steady winds, to the relief of the Race Committee. The Race Management was excellent, the company fabulous and if find yourself in the Ottawa area, make sure you drop by and visit this fleet!!

Paul TINGLEYOur Ontario fleets participated in a number of events including the Nepean One Design Regatta, The Ice Breakers Olympic Class Regatta, The Hospice Regatta, June Bug Regatta, the National Event, the Claggett Regatta, and a test event in Sherbrooke Quebec for the upcoming Canada Games.
The Canada Games is a National competition for young athletes, which is held every two years, alternating with winter and summer sports and being held in a different province or territory than the previous Games. Its inaugural year was 1967, when the first competition was held in Quebec City. This event is an important stepping stone for those athletes looking to compete at the Olympics.
The next Summer Games will be held in 2013, August 2 – 17th and is being hosted by the municipality of Sherbrooke, Quebec. Some 4,200 athletes are expected to attend this 16 day event and 20 sports are being offered for competition. Competition will be held at twenty different sites throughout the municipality.
As with previous Summer Games, sailors will be competing in Lasers (Under 21 – Male), 29ers (Under 21 Male and Under 21 Female) and Laser Radials (Under 21 Female). This year will be the first year that a Para Sailing Mixed Category has been added to the competition. The 2.4mR is the selected boat and is open to disabled sailors who qualify to represent their respective province or territory.
A test event was held in late August at the proposed sailing venue. Members of the Ottawa fleet attended as did a couple of boats from the eastern United States. The participants provided the organizers with good feedback as to what resources are required in accommodating disabled sailors. If you are interested in learning more about the Canada Games, you can visit their website at - http://www.jeuxducanada2013.ca/.

Allan LiebelScheduling:

During the next two years, the Canadian fleet will be hosting several important events and the following is a brief summary of dates and places that should be entered into your electronic calendars, day-timers, the calendar on your fridge – whatever method you use to keep track of your sailing schedule. As additional information is secured for each event, you will be notified via email.

The 2013 Canadian Championship Regatta – June 1st and 2nd:
This year’s National championship will be hosted by Pointe Claire Yacht Club (PCYC) which is located on Lake St. Louis, Montreal, Quebec. This is an open event. PCYC, established in 1819, is one of the oldest yacht clubs in North America and is well versed in hosting quality regattas. It is a fully accessible club and home to three 2.4mRs. It is has been quite some time since this event has been held outside of the Province of Ontario and we are looking forward to competing at this venue. Additional information about the club can be found here - http://www.pcyc.qc.ca/ and as more information about the regatta becomes available it will be posted on the Canadian fleet’s website.

The 2013 North American Championships:
This open regatta will be held in mid-September at the National Yacht Club in Toronto, Ontario. The National Yacht Club is a fully accessible club that offers crane launching facilities, a structured drysail area, a lovely restaurant with a large outdoor deck and is easily accessible from major highways and the downtown core. The racing will be held on Lake Ontario south of the club. September is one of the best months to sail on Lake Ontario. The water is still warm, the breeze is usually steady and the seas are accommodating. Once the dates have been confirmed, we will let you know via an email. Information about the National Yacht Club can be found here - http://www.thenyc.com/

The 2014 IFDS Worlds – August 16th – August 24th:
Royal Nova Scotia Yacht Squadron will be hosting this international event. Some of you may recognize this club, as one of its well known members is Paul Tingley. The club has a good history of hosting large sailing events for both dingys and keelboats. They provide excellent race management for the racers and it is safe to say that this will be an excellent event to attend! Preliminary information for this event can be found at http://www.ifdsworlds2014.ca/ .

The 2014 2.4mR Open Worlds – September 21st- September 27th:
The National Yacht Club, home to our Toronto fleet, will be hosting this event. As mentioned above, it is a fully accessible club. The National Yacht Club has been an active member of the racing community on Lake Ontario for over a hundred years and has held many quality regattas throughout its history. Preliminary planning is underway and as additional information is confirmed it will be forwarded to you as well as posted on a central website.

Other (just as important) Stuff!

Last but not least, here are a few “did you know”s about the Canadian Fleet.

During the past four years the number of boat owners has grown significantly either by individual ownership or by provincial sailing organization ownership. You may not have seen them on the annual regatta circuit, but that doesn’t mean that they are not actively out sailing at either local events or structured clinics. Our owners keep their boats according to the standards approved by the International 2.4mR Class Association. And with maintaining these standard comes the association paperwork.

Bruce Millar, President of the Canadian 2.4mR Class Association as well as Vice President of the International 2.4mR Class Association is working with all boat owners this winter to insure that our Class remains compliant with the measurement standards approved by the International 2.4mR Class Association and that each owner is provided with the appropriate, current, certified paperwork to have with them when they travel to regattas outside of their local market. As well, each of our owners and fleet associates hold a Canadian 2.4mR Class Association membership, which provides them, via their class dues, with membership for the International 2.4mR Class Association. These two initiatives help us maintain an update-to-date inventory of sail numbers, hull numbers and owner contact information. It is undertaking for sure, but an important one to ensure that we continue to maintain the high technical standards that exists within the fleet.

Congratulations to Brian Todd, who was recently elected to the Executive of IFDS as Vice President. Brian is a well known and respected, with more than 30 years of coaching Olympians and Paralympians of the Laser, Laser Radial, 2.4mR, Skud 18 and Sonar fleets. As well he has been a key contributor for many years to the ongoing development of the Learn to Sail standards for Sail Canada. His knowledge and experience of the international disabled sailing community will be a welcomed asset for IFDS.

Peter Wood, a member of the roaming Ottawa Fleet, is the Chair of the Events and Scheduling Commission for IFDS. Knowing the conflicts that arise from trying to schedule events for this fleet, I can only image what is involved in trying to set an international schedule. Thank you Peter for your time in chairing this valuable committee.

Well, that’s it for now. With the arrival of winter and with our sailing surfaces soon to be frozen, many of our owners have shipped their boats south to warmer climates. They will be competing at the US Nationals and the North American Championships being held in Florida in December and will return to warmer waters again in January to compete at the Miami OCR.

Have a safe winter!

Anne Sanderson
Manager, Canadian 2.4mR Class Association

The Season in Finland has Been Closed


Hi Everybody in 2.4mR world,

I am writing this after the 8th of December. Yesterday it was supposed to be the rough boys sailing.
The Season in Finland has been closed already five years with Naantali on the Rocks regatta. This year we went to local restaurant directly without racing.

The picture I took from our marina in Naantali shows the reason why we did not sail this year.
The Sea was already frozen! You can see how Wenda is waiting for the new Season eagerly. This year it took a good 4th place in the worlds. (You can maybe see the bluish color the arctic dark days give us nowadays.)
We have had all sailing Season weekly trainings here. Every Tuesday we go out for practice. It seems to pay off. Our club members are every year improving their results in Finnish ranking series and in the International games also.
We have decided to improve our training again for the new season 2013.
Our good neighbors (The Swedes ) must have good opponent next August when they come to Finland for the Nordic Championships. After that it will be so much easier to go to Poole.

In 2013 the new Season shall start in April in Tampere city center where they have the ice melting away early due to strong current. It is scheduled to April. It is a Team Finnish Championships. Sailed with two boats in Each team. After that we shall have typical ranking season with six regattas.

Next year we shall arrange few times an open introduction day for people interested to test our 2.4 boats.
Also this seems to pay off. We have got 1 – 3 new sailors out of these testers annually. This summer we had a good 12- 14 boats in a row in our marina in Naantali. You maybe do have many places in the world with so many boats in a sailing club?

Everybody please come to enjoy Finnish August regattas before going to Poole.

Best regards,

Pauli Immonen


Answer for Rules Corner : 

Answer: At position 3 blue is a leeward right of way boat and subject to rules 16.1 (if she changes course she must give yellow room to keep clear) and under 18.2(a) she must give yellow mark-room. Yellow is a windward boat subject to rule 11 (windward boat keeps clear) and under 18.2(a) she is entitled to mark-room from blue, which is room to sail a seamanlike course to the mark (finish) and room to sail her proper course at the mark.

In positions 1 and 2 the boats were on opposite tacks and not subject to rule 18 (mark room). When yellow completes her tack at position 3 the boats are instantly overlapped and yellow is entitled to mark-room under 18.2(a). While in the absence of the finish pin blue would be able luff yellow (not restricted by rule 17) because the overlap started as yellow completes her tack, the obligation to give yellow mark-room restricts blue’s ability to luff. Blue must give yellow room to sail to the mark (a close-hauled course), and then room to sail her proper course when her bow is at the mark (which is to luff up and finish).

Blue gives yellow the mark-room to which she is entitled at positions 4 and 5. If blue had not allowed yellow to come to a close-hauled course and there was contact, blue would be penalized for breaking 18.2(a) by not giving enough mark-room, and yellow would be exonerated for her breach of rule 11.